雷霆万钧什么意思
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2013年1月19日雅思閱讀A類機經(1)

2013-01-25 來源:讀書人 
考試日期:2013年1月19日
Reading Passage 1
Title:歐洲印刷術
Question types:TRUE/FALSE/NOT GIVEN

Match people with opinion

Summary Completion

文章內容回顧歐洲印刷術的歷史
英文原文閱讀The techniques of printing were developed in Europe by craftsmen ignorant of these advances in the Far East. As in China, the earliest printing took the form of illustrated sheets printed from carved wooden blocks (known as woodblock printing). These illustrations were largely religious in nature, simple in design, and meant to be coloured by hand, and were made by largely anonymous craftsmen, and very few examples have survived.


The development of printing took a dramatic step forward thanks to the technological advances made by Johan Gutenberg, a Goldsmith working in Mainz, Germany, in the middle of the 15th century.

His revolutionary idea was to use metal to cast each letter individually as a piece of ‘type’, so that a number of individual pieces (or letters) would be fitted together to make up a word, sentence, paragraph, and eventually an entire text or book. Once the printing had been finished, the type could be broken up from its settings, and re-used to print another book. This invention of ‘moveable’ (and re-useable) type enabled printing to become a viable economic alternative to making books by hand (known as manuscripts).

Gutenberg’s invention produced what is regarded as a landmark in the history of printing, and of western civilisation: an edition of the Bible in Latin, known as the Gutenberg Bible (or sometimes as the 42-line Bible, as each page is made up of 42 lines of type). It was made at his workshop in Mainz between 1453 and 1455, and was certainly complete by 1456. It consists of over 1,300 large pages, in two volumes, and although we do not know exactly how many copies were originally produced, we do know that 180 were offered for sale, and that forty-eight copies survive today, about twenty of them complete. The book was printed with two-colours, black and red, and was produced to an exceptionally high standard, even more so considering the experimental processes which must have been required to achieve any kind of result.

題型難度分析第一篇的題型從難度來看,細節配對的難度不是很大,而摘要題和是非無判斷題相對而言也較為簡單,文章定位也比較容易,所以第一篇的難度不是很大。
題型技巧分析TRUE/FALSE/NOT GIVEN

YES/NO/NOT GIVEN

1. 答案寫法

若要求寫TRUE, 卻寫成:T ( × ) true ( × ) True ( × ) YES ( × )

2. 題目在原文出現的位置:順序原則

3. 考點:即題目中可能說錯的部分

4. 定位詞(排除考點):

專有名詞、術語、物質名詞

時間、數字

歸納句子是關于哪方面信息的(即為定位詞或短語)

5. 判斷T/Y的情況:1) 同義、近義替換

2) 歸納總結

6. 判斷F/N的情況:100% 否認原文

7. 判斷NG的情況:根據原文無法100%判斷題目T/F(不可利用常識)

劍橋雅思推薦原文練習劍4 Test 2



(作者:讀書人網友 編輯:kind887)
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